Antique and Obsolete Pistols
Colt 1851 Navy Sheriff .35 Revolver
This percussion revolver is a 5 shot percussion pistol in the form of the Model 1851 Navy Sheriff, but of european manufacture. The revolver is marked with "Colts Patent" but the likelihood is this is an unlicensed copy made in europe, and quite possibly Belgium. The top flat of the octagonal barrel is engraved with "Address Colt New York U.S." but the positioning of the engraving indicates the barrel has been shortened to its current length of 4 1/4". The cylinder is plain. The trigger guard and back strap are in polished steel. The barrel retains some original colour. The action indexes and cocks as it should. The nipples are all in good condition and are likely replacements.
Colt 1849 Pocket Revolver
A Colt Model 1849 Pocket revolver. The 1849 Pocket was the replacement for the "Baby Dragoon" model and it became the best selling of all Colts percussion revolvers, being produced from 1849 through to 1873. This one has the serial number 275440 which dates it to 1865, the last year of the American Civil War. The serial numbers match throughout. The 4" octagonal barrel is engraved with "ADDRESS COL SAML COLT NEW YORK US AMERICA". It has a brass back strap and trigger guard and walnut grips. The cylinder is roller engraved with a Stage Coach hold up scene. The main spring is strong and the revolver indexes and cocks in a positive and crisp manner. These 5 shot .31" were popular for a number of reasons - reliable and affordable they were also far more convenient than the large revolvers, and a personal defence weapon is useless if it is not being carried when needed. They also saw extensive military service, often as a back up weapon, sometimes carried discretely.
Turn Off Flintlock Pistol
A 54 bore turn off flintlock pistol from around 1800. The pistol has a 2 1/2" barrel which turns off freely. The breech is stamped with two marks "PRO" and "VED" . The lock has no makers name. There is some pitting, and this is more prevalent on the left side of the lock. The spring is good and strong and the cock holds well at the half and full cock positions.
W Mansell Silver inlayed Flintlock Pistol
A 50 bore ( .45") flintlock pistol with barrel of just under 3". The over all length is 8 1/2". The pistol has the pre 1813 London proof marks, which were the first marks used by the London Proof House. This style of pistol with the central hammer and boxlock construction was first seen in the 17th century but became popular in the mid 18th century. The central hammer permits fewer parts than the side hammer design and also makes for a more compact pistol. The side of the lock is engraved with "W Mansell". My records to not show such a name at a suitable time, and it is quite likely that Mansell was a retailer rather then a maker of pistols, and had his name put on the pistol. This was common at the time, and indeed continues today with modern shotguns. The butt is inlayed with decorative silver wire - with some losses on the right side. The cap has a splendid grotesque mask which is in super condition. The spring is strong on both the cock and the frizzen - which sparks well. A very attractive, good quality pistol from the 1700s.
Westley Richards Double Howdah Pistol
A large double barrelled percussion Howdah pistol by Westley Richards. This large and heavy pistol has 7 1/2" barrels and will take a .65" patched ball. It has an overall length of 14" and weighs 3lb 1oz. The term Howdah Pistol was given to pistols of this type after they became a favoured close range weapon while hunting in India. The Howdah being the covered saddle or box on top of an elephant. An injured tiger may well try and assault its elephant mounted attackers. A short barrelled weapon firing a large ball with a heavy charge was what was needed to repel such a powerful boarder. Some commentators suggest the massive double barrelled pistols were deliberately weighted to shoot down hill, but it is likely suspect the thick barrels made to take the heavy charge would achieve this anyway. A double dose of large calibre ball would lend itself to self defence against almost anything and pistols of this type were used by hunters and adventurers throughout the empire during the middle of the nineteenth century. Westley Richards is one of the best known and highly regarded names in the gun trade. The son of William Richards, Westley was born in 1814 who joined the family business of gun making, which had evolved from being silversmiths and cutlers. Westley had large taken the business over by 1840. The unexpected death of his wife shortly after their marriage affected Westley severely and he then dedicated himself solely to his work. He became and innovative and pioneering engineer and took out numerous important patents. The company still trades in Birmingham today. Large calibre double pistols do not often come up for sale. this one is a excellent mechanical order. the barrels are an attractive brown, but do have some external marks and pitting which is shown in the photos. The bores are good, bit not perfect. The lock plates are engraved with the name"Westley Richards" and foliate patterns. the captive swivel ram rod is present . There is a vacant white metal escutcheon on the butt, to the rear of the tang.
Flintlock 40 bore Turn off Muff Pistol by John Jones.
John Jones and Co are recorded as gun wholesalers at 116 Minories, London from 1826 to 1829. They were trading in Birmingham from 1811, and this ties in with the Birmingham proof marks on the pistol. One side of the lock is marked JNo Jones and Co, and the other London. The pistol has a aged patina and light pitting to the surface but is in proper working order. The turn off barrel is free and the drop down trigger is tight and crisp. The cock has a sliding safety which locks the frizzen in place - useful on what is a self defence weapon which would be carried loaded if it were to be of any use in an emergency. The box, although an old one, is not original - pistols of this type would not be likely to be sold cased. It does make an attractive way to display the pistol. The trade label of Issac Hollis is a reproduction, but looks the part anyway.
Pin Fire Double Barrel Pin Fire Pistol
A double barrel pistol in 11mm pinfire. Pistols of this type were a popular choice as self defence weapons. The large 11mm round would be formidable at the close ranges this pistol was intended to be used at. The folding trigger drop down when the hammers are cocked. These folding triggers made the pistol much easier to carry and along with the sliding safety catch - which kept the hammers clear of the pins - allowed the easy carriage of the pistol in some safety. One of the four legs of the safety catch has broken off, but this is not obvious and does not detract from the operation of the catch. This type of firearm was produced by the famous Leige gunmakers of Belgium and were exported over much of the world. Engraving and fancy finishing were kept to a minimum and they were very much a working weapon. Pin Fire bridged the gap from the muzzle loading percussion system and the breech loading centre fire rounds we use today. The pin fire era was quite short - from the early 1850s to the early 1860s for shotguns, but through to the 1880s for pistols. A nice example of a large calibre self defence weapon in an obsolete calibre.
Percussion Turn Off Muff PIstol
A classic mid 1800s percussion muff pistol. The bore is .500" which would make a very effective close range calibre. Designed as a self defence weapon intended to give the user an advantage over a knife or cudgel wielding assailant at close range. The turn off barrel is free and the action all works properly. The barrel is marked with Birmingham proof marks, but there is no name on the lock.
Starr Model 1863 Single Action .44" Revolver
A Starr Model 1863 single action revolver. Starr Arms Co were set uon at Yonkers in New York by Eben Starr, following on from along standing family business who were famous sword makers. The Model 1863 was a single action version of the earlier self cocking pistol. This has been purchased in good numbers by the Union Army in the American Civil War, but the self cocking trigger assembly was, although good, was found to be rather delicate for the Union Cavalrymen under combat conditions. some 32 000 single action revolvers were made and over 30 000of them were purchased by the Unions government - many going directly to the Army. Production stopped in 1865, at the end of the civil war. This pistol has three serial numbers recorded on its components - 47020 on the hammer rest, 47326 on the cylinder, 47930 on the barrel and frame. The numbers are relatively close, which suggests service use where pistols would be cleaned, repaired and assembled by regimental or unit armours. The pistol is in a healthy un restored condition. The screw heads are straight and the condition looks genuine. There is light surface corrosion but no deep pitting and the action indexes very crisply indeed. The bore is good and the nipples are all present and in good order. A solid and straight pistol that very likely saw service in the American Civil war.
A fine Turn Over Percussion Pocket pistol by Clarborough of Lincoln
A good quality turn over percussion pocket pistol by Clarborough of Lincoln. The over/under barrels turn manually and they rotate freely with a positive click as each lines up. The Birmingham proofed turn off barrels are of .36" bore and both are free. The muzzles have what is sometimes called "false rifling" but are in fact straight grooves to give a square section spanner grip when inserted into the muzzles when tightening the barrels during loading. The trigger is folding, and drops down when the engraved dolphin hammer is pulled back to full cock. The pistol has a well engraved lock and is in good condition. There is a vacant escutcheon on the grip. A Peter Clarborough is recorded as a gunsmith trading from High Street Lincoln in 1821 and a Jane Clarborough was at the same address in 1840.